Wed 04 August 2021:
Iraq confirmed on Tuesday that the US is returning more than 17,000 ancient items seized and smuggled out of the country following the 2003 invasion, including a 3,500-year-old clay tablet containing part of the Epic of Gilgamesh.
Tens of thousands of antiquities disappeared from Iraq after the 2003 invasion that toppled leader Saddam Hussein. Many more were smuggled or destroyed by the iconoclastic ISIS group, which held a third of Iraq between 2014 and 2017 before it was defeated by Iraqi and international forces.
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US authorities working to recover the artifacts recently reached an agreement with Baghdad to return items seized from dealers and museums in the United States, the Iraqi culture and foreign ministries said.
“The US government seized some of the artifacts and sent them to the (Iraqi) embassy. The Gilgamesh tablet, the important one, will be returned to Iraq in the next month after legal procedures are finalized,” Culture Minister Hassan Nadhim told Reuters.
US authorities seized the Gilgamesh tablet in 2019 after it was smuggled, auctioned and sold to an arts dealer in Oklahoma and displayed at a museum in Washington, DC, the Department of Justice said. A court ordered its forfeiture last month, it said.
It said that a US antiquities dealer had bought the tablet from a London-based dealer in 2003.
The Epic of Gilgamesh is a 3,500-year-old Sumerian tale considered one of the world’s first pieces of literature.
Nadhim said other artifacts being returned included other tablets inscribed in cuneiform script.
After 2014 ISIS, which preached an intolerant and extremist interpretation of Islam, raided and wrecked historical sites on what UNESCO called an “industrial” scale, using loot to fund its operations through a smuggling network extending through the Middle East and beyond.
With the help of international agencies, Iraqi authorities have been trying to track down, return and preserve its archaeological relics.
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